The Major Koi and Goldfish Viruses in Readable Format

I don't think Koi and Goldfish viruses could be covered better than the following documents. These are things I found online visiting some sites while I got my USDA/accreditation. They open as flip books. You have to have Flash but they open plain, Flash, regular and mobile. Pretty neat. 
The viruses covered include Spring viremia, the Herpes Viruses. Koi and Goldfish both get Herpes Viruses.

The BEST one of all is something you haven't seen unless you went for your Veterinary Accreditation for USDA and took the module – –  Emerging Viruses of Koi and Goldfish.

Enjoy
Doc Johnson

Also a link or two to some recent videos I released lately. 

Cytopoint for Dogs –  Better than Apoquel because it doesn't cause cancer. And it works so there's that. 

Ultra Low Carb Feeding For Dogs Lower Body Weight and Better Skin Health – The Short Version

And 

Oxyfresh for dog breath problems, improving bad breath in dogs PLUS fighting infections in dogs that may not be safe for dental cleaning

Koi Health and Disease for 2018 –  How to Proceed With a Fish / Koi Loss Situation in the Springtime

Thanks 

Doc Johnson

 

Exactly How Cannabis Kills Cancer Cells

Exactly How Cancer Cells are Killed by THC / Cannabis

I'll explain how cannabis (THC) tetrahydrocannabinol kills cancer cells. It's amazing. It doesn't work on slow-dividing cells, but works quite well on the softer, smaller and more rapidly growing cancers. Especially in areas where surgery is poorly considered. As an adjunct to ANY cancer therapy, consider the positive effects on appetite, nausea, cancer cell survival times, and pain relief as well as reduction in anxiety.

A Note to My Ex Wife From E-Harmony

I should talk with Dr Phil about this, huh?

Dear Ex Wife from E-Harmony:

We were married only four and a half years, but I have seven more years of child support to pay you and not a single drop of my blood is in any of your kids' veins.

When I met you, and your four kids, the stated intent of their adoption was to protect them from their father, (your ex-husband), Mr. Jessie Williams. A strategy requested by you, your parents, endorsed by me, and everyone else who knew about it. They were "Karri and Jessie's kids", and I'd known them only a few months, but I was willing to sign that piece of paper to protect them from being HIS kids on his release from prison. And we all understood that. But it was a set up. And only a few years later it was twisted and abused as hard as your dad, you, and your lawyers could dream up. Nine months of twisting that dagger in my back to settle your suit for divorce. And then making me pay for your attorneys / alimony on top of seven years of child support and health insurance.

I was there for you and the kids, through thick and thin. Doctor’s appointments, trinkets, from trampolines to trumpets, your surgeries, paid for and took you to your meetings with Brian Smith, cruises, I paid for kids cars, lived at hospitals, paid everyone's health insurance, paid for, opened and supported your businesses, all manner of financial bail outs, picked you up off the floor over and over and over and over and over… and over and over….. and over and over…. I was deeply scarred by the experiences we shared through a harrowing time in your life. You and your four kids were expensive to support until your business took off; but as soon as your receivables showed positive cash flow to contribute to the family budget, you left. And you turned on me like a vicious, stone-cold sociopath. 

I'll be paying you roughly a hundred dollars every *DAY* until 2023, as my repayment for adopting your kids, at your request, to allow  to prevent you having to share them with your ex husband Jessie Williams. So not only did you secure your kids' protection from one man, you got them paid for by another. 

No experience of karma in our lives will ever equal the betrayal and abuse of the good intentions of what (and who) the adoption was really for.

#Karri-Lynn-(Williams-Wright)-Johnson

Links and Pet Koi, Fish Dog and Cat Health Articles & Videos

Fish Health Help & Other Pet Resources

Welcome to Dr Johnson’s web presence, sites linked based on pet health, pet keeping advice, fish health and answers to questions like “My fish are sick, what should I do?” as well as supporting various aspects of the Koi & Fish health topic. Pet information regarding kennels and some small business ventures are also discussed in these web sites. Hope you like them. Below is a listing of my secondary sites, my major sites include:  Koivet.comDrjohnson.comKoifoods.com, plus my Youtube Channels, Koivet.com and Fishmedicines, Diseases and Treatments.

http://stratfordkennel.com/

http://0uv.com/

http://astoundingly.com/

http://beadfiltration.com/

http://consumertip.com/

http://erikjohnson.com/

http://expresspetcare.com/

http://fio.so/

http://fishypharmacy.com/

http://goldfishworld.com/

http://healthykennel.com/

http://ilpl.us/

http://johnsonvet.com/

http://jvsvet.com/

http://koiandgoldfish.com/

http://koihobbyist.com/

http://pondbooks.com/

http://koinutrition.com/

http://petlibrary.com/

http://petshopcatalog.com/

http://pondkeeping.com/

http://pondprofessional.com/

http://pondprofessionals.com/

http://pondstuff.com/

http://presidentjohnson.com/

http://rcastic.com/

http://rkbrain.com/

http://skarabs.com/

http://2uv.com/

http://tetraponds.com/

http://1o3.com/

http://eriksworld.com/

http://eveterinary.com/

http://hundenflocken.com/

http://pondcatalog.com/

http://pondcatalogs.com/

http://katiejohnson.com/

http://keeping.tips/

What To Do About Sick Koi and Pond Fish in 2018

An orientation to sick Koi and pond fish crises for 2018. An overview of what you can do to start reigning in fish losses. 

Help For Sick Fish Koi & Pond Fish Disease Season 2018 Intro
"My Fish Is Sick, What Should I Do?" is the cry of the season, and it's all going back to water quality. I got off the phone with a person who assured me the situation with his pond was bacterial and not water quality. I said "To help you ANY more, I will require n actual number for the pH Ammonia and Nitrite. And an actual number for temperature, not "They're all good" 
He emailed back:   "My pH has crashed. You were right. It's 6.2"  And so the bacterial lesions he was seeing were actually the least of his worries and probably caused by the deteriorated water. So there's that. 

 

How To Tell If Your Koi Food Is Good Or Bad?

How Can You Tell If Your Koi Food is Good Or Bad?

Do You Know How To Read and Assess A Koi Food Label?

Is Your Koi Food Priced On Par With Better Foods?

src=http://2uv.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Koifoods_intro_square_image_mockup-e1520538394984.jpgKoifoods.com is a curated web site where Dr Erik Johnson rates and assesses more than twenty Koi Foods and teaches about Koi nutrition, nutrients, and feed labels so you can understand what's going on, and make good choices. 

Then, the Koi foods are broken into groups (ratings) and you can even shop by quality and price. 

Some very good foods can be bought very affordably. 

Some of the very most expensive foods (over $10/lb) are poorly formulated. But you'd never know without Koifoods.com

Learn about Koi and Pond Fish Nutrition, read the articles and shop the shop. You can choose from A, B and C grade foods and for a real savings, buy food from the "I Wouldn't Feed This to MY Koi" category lol

Now, a word on that…If the food is in the "I Wouldn't Feed…" category it usually means there's a cheaper food with better formulation. NOT that the food is badly done. 

Dr Erik Johnson

 

What to Do About Cats Peeing Outside the Box

Cat Box Problems

Inappropriate Elimination in Cats

My Cat Pees Outside the Litter Pan

Cats that pee outside the litter pan may have a simple "issue" that is fixed by a very simple solution. A bigger litter pan. Did you know there was a study that revealed a 75+% successful method to get a cat to pee in its litter box again? Yeah it works. 

At Drjohnson.com there's an article that explains it all. There are FIVE Main Points to master and it's likely you'll fix the cat pee problem you're facing. 

Here's the link to Solving Cat Pee Problems in Two Easy Ways

Thanks

Doc Johnson

Disinfect Dog Mouths: Fight Infections

How to Improve or Fix Bad Breath In Dogs or 

How to Prevent Vegetative Endocardiosis (Bacterial Heart Valve Flap Disease) In Dogs

Infections Spreading from Mouth to Lungs and Heart in Dogs. 

Wow! I just found out Oxyfresh is available on Amazon! 

For oral infections: http://amzn.to/2E9iwCl

I've been recommending it to clients for literally YEARS except I've hesitated because it used to be a pyramid scheme behind the product. 
So how does it work and why?   

Well crust / tartar on the teeth comes from calcification (calcium hydroxyapetite) of the colonies of slime bacteria on the teeth. 
If you have slime bacteria, sooner than later you have plaque / tartar / crust. 
Well that's fine in dogs; because you can keep them in front of hard dental exercise which increases saliva, helps remove slime bacteria and can even mechanically chip away at tartar. 
In cats, not the same. 
Well anyway, enter Oxyfresh. It's basically good-tasting Listerine you can swallow. Great for pets for that very reason. They can drink it in their water, and it kills all their slime bacteria, hence, NO TARTAR, ever. 
Breath also improves A LOT. 
I recommend Oxyfresh for my older dogs to keep infections minimal. Especially older dogs who could be metabolically destabilized by a dental under anesthesia. 
But even for younger dogs, if you can eliminate the slime bacteria you do TWO things, first you improve breath and secondly, you short-circuit the formation of tartar. 

You can't drink Listerine! But with Oxyfresh they figured out a molecule with disinfectant properties that is instantly NEUTRALIZED by Hydrochloric acid in the stomach. 
So no gastrointestinal flora upset.

There is no substitute. Every year the drug reps come to the clinic with products that as "as good as Oxyfresh" and I've tried most of them, and they do not have the same molecule nor the same effect. Not even close. 

(We had a dog named Trudy that had fish breath and that's what worked. Exclusively. Even though we tried everything else available at the time)

Anyway, so now Oxyfresh is available easily at Amazon. Here's a link that makes me 0.12 cents a bottle lol

For oral infections: http://amzn.to/2E9iwCl

Koivet.com Resources for Fish and Koi Diseases, Illness Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Cure

Youtube has provided me with an avenue to reach lots of people with valuable messages about fish health. Saving Koi, goldfish and tank / aquarium fish has been a "thing" for me for decades and I've made a name for myself that way. Which is a double-edged sword. (My Youtube Channel)

I like helping people? But not constantly. And folks need to learn on their own, a little, too. 

So when people call the office asking what to do about a sick fish, I made some online resources for this. 

The single, most important series of videos I've done is the "Twenty Steps of Fish Diseases Diagnosis and Treatment." which basically takes a struggling person with a sick fish, and talks them COMPREHENSIVELY through twenty assessments and along the way, they ALWAYS figure out what's wrong. 

Twenty videos on fish health and diseases, symptoms and cure: "My fish is sick, what should I do?" 

So the above is a great set of videos. Actually, even if there's no problem because in this, you will discover the twenty MOST IMPORTANT things affecting fish health. 

Then, a successful hobbyist will know all about "The Cycle" also known as the Nitrogen Cycle (See video). That's the natural process where fish waste is converted through a series of bacterial processes to reduce it to plant food. If any step in the nitrogen cycle is defective or for some reason there's a build up of nitrogen (There's a test) the fish will be sick. 

Here's the first compound in the cycle that hurts fish:   Ammonia

The second water quality parameter of extreme import:   Nitrite

Thirdly, accumulation of algae food "Nitrate" is eventually hazardous to Koi and fish. 

Finally, the conditions of acidity / alkalinity in the water are critical for some species of fish. In particular, the "PH" of the water is crucial. It's common to see the PH collapse in the system, especially with too-infrequent water changes – dropping two or three points over night and kill most if not all the fish. How to support pH with carbonates is discussed in this video, as well.  There's an easy test for pH that is well worth having. 

For those of you trying to find test kits, foods, nets, medicines and other things recommended in my web sites and videos, please check out http://koivet.com/resources     Some of the links there support my internet educational outreach. And it's appreciated. 

There are more resources for you. But for this article, it's enough for now. Subscribe to the Newsletter of Fish and Koi Diseases Diagnostic Treatments and Cure. I'll update about once a month and will never send an advertisement. 

Thanks

Doc Johnson

 

What is the Most Important Fish Water Quality Parameter?

Some would argue that it's Ammonia. The FIRST product of the nitrogen cycle and the primary waste product of fish. 

Environmental Threats to Goldfish Health.

Youtube Video about Ammonia with Dr Erik Johnson

Goldfish health is impacted by far more than just the ‘way’ we care for the fish, or the parasites they may contract. Indeed, their very environment is often the greatest threat to their survival. This is especially true in new, unbalanced systems where the new load of livestock and the relative lack of beneficial bacteria negatively influence water quality. Perhaps the greatest effort in the care of Goldfish is in the management of the precarious balance of the water quality.

Perhaps the most important element of “water quality” which the hobbyist should master is the nitrogen cycle. The “nitrogen cycle” refers to a natural process, which is carried out by beneficial bacteria. The process reduces fish wastes and excretions into harmless compounds in the environment. The “cycle” reduces Ammonia into Nitrite. Then Nitrite is reduced into Nitrate. Plants then use the Nitrate. 

Ammonia represents the primary waste product of fish, which starts the cycle as its initial fuel. Ammonia is a nitrogen-based molecule, which may ionize and de-ionize depending upon the pH in which it exists. Ammonia is more toxic at a higher pH. At a lower pH the Ammonia molecule becomes the Ammonium ion and is less toxic.

Twenty five percent of fishes’ Ammonia excretion is in the vented wastes. Another 75% of the fishes’ Ammonia excretion is via osmosis through the gills. Ammonia is not actively excreted and leaves the fish because an osmotic gradient exists between the higher physiological [bloodstream] level and the water’s natural amount. The problem arises when the water contains high ammonia levels. When the water has a high Ammonia level, the Ammonia does not leave the fishes’ bloodstream and so they die of “auto-intoxication”.

Ammonia is removed naturally from the environment by a beneficial bacterium that lives on all underwater aquatic surfaces [term: Biofilm], and in the filter. This beneficial bacterium is called Nitrosomonas. Nitrosomonas pares off Ammonia’s Hydrogen ions and replaces them with Oxygen molecules, creating a Nitrite molecule.

The need for Oxygen in this reaction is illustrated in the following equation:

NH3 + (O2 required)—(Nitrosomonas) —à NO2 (Nitrite) + 3H+

 

In the above equation you will notice that Hydrogen ions are liberated in the reaction. These may accumulate and depress the pH of the system. It is an illustration of how the very biological activity of the beneficial bacteria in the system can “crash” or reduce the pH.

Ammonia is a clinical threat in aquariums that are ‘new’ or have not established a colony of beneficial bacteria yet. Ammonia accumulation is a big part of the “New Tank Syndrome” and one of the leading killers of fish. Once Nitrosomonas has proliferated to adequate levels, the Ammonia levels decline and the Nitrite levels increase.

The diagnosis of Ammonia accumulations is as simple as a water test. I favor Aquarium Pharmaceuticals’ Nessler’s reagent drop-type test kit. At this writing there is a simpler pad-test, which does not require mixing of reagents.  The easiest Ammonia measurement tool.

I prefer water changes in the control of Ammonia accumulations. There is a beneficial effect for overall water quality with each water change. Fish are beenfited more by this method, and there is no adverse effect on beneficial filter bacteria with the water changes. Always be sure to dechlorinate.

In the hobby right now, perceived as a simpler method of Ammonia control, folks are using water additives in lieu of proper water quality maintenance. When Ammonia starts to rise, they apply a water additive instead of reducing Ammonia production by reducing feeding of the fish. Instead of changing water, they add toxic aldehydes to bind the Ammonia. More recently, newer and safer Ammonia binding agents are available which use Sulfide ions to bind the Ammonia and are far less toxic to fish. I am very impressed by the performance of Kent Marine’s “Ammonia Detox” however even this test gives false positive Ammonia readings after it’s application. The amazing ability of this product is that the fish perk right up, and seem to be able to ignore the Ammonia after application of the “Detox” product. A similar Sulfide molecule is used in the SeaChem® product, “Prime”.

After the application of most Ammonia blocking agents, you should use a Salicylate technology test to get an accurate reading. The Nessler’s reagent in the traditional tests tends to cross react with the bound Ammonia and the ammonia-binding agent.

The clinical presentation of fish suffering under a high Ammonia accumulation is exactly like a fish that is suffering under any other water quality deterioration, or a parasitism. Hence the need for accurate testing of this parameter so you can separate the possible causes for this ‘illness’. Ammonia is directly caustic to fish surfaces, fins, and gills. Redness in the skin, excess mucus production, depressed appetite, clamped fins and lethargy are all seen in fish living in Ammonia-rich waters.

An excellent method is to take a sponge or mat from an established tank. Wring this out in a five gallon bucket and extract as much of the green to brown ‘filth’ from it as possible. This “sponge extract” has an abundant number of nitrifying heterotrophs in it. You’d simply pour the ‘extract’ into the tank that you need “Cycled” and, within 24-36 hours, you will see tangible reduction in the Ammonia levels of the system. This method does not obviate the need for a water change or two after the application, to further improve the water quality and clarity. It would be wise to cycle an un-inhabited system this way, because when you add a sufficient quantity of the “sponge extract” initially, and for a few hours, the water becomes foul in the recipient system. If the water does not go “murky brown” you did not add enough ‘extract’ to make a difference. Of all the things you could do, short of a water change, this “sponge extract” system is my favorite.

(Video on bioseeding by Dr Erik Johnson)

Zeolites are a clay resin related to clinoptilolite, cat litter, bentonite and the water softening resins used by Culligan®. In fact, rumor has it that except for the price (Bentonite is sold by the yard or ton and Zeolites are sold by the ounce) they are one and the same.

Zeolites are put in a mesh bag and when the water flows through, the resin binds up the ammonia. This does not occur in water that has been salted to any extent, and you should be aware that the resin is rapidly exhaustible. Zeolites may be recharged a couple of times by immersion in a stiff salt solution. Twenty minutes in 3.0% (seawater) can cause Zeolites to release up to ninety percent of its bound Ammonia.

To a lesser extent, the Zeolites will release some of their Ammonia when you are salting out a ciliated protozoan. You should be alert to this if you have any Zeolite in your filter when you’re salting.

Ammonia Remedies in review

  • Water changes
  • Aldhehyde binders
  • Sulfide binders
  • Zeolites
  • Suspend or abbreviate feedings
  • Only a few bacterial adjuvants
  • Established 'Filter Extraction" Technique (Bioseeding)